When a car battery drains out, there can be real frustration on your end because it is a major inconvenience. Usually, when you make your way out to your car, you have precious minutes to get to work, school, or that coffee date you have been looking forward to.

Unfortunately, a car battery can get drained in a few ways. It may be hard to pinpoint where the problem is coming from. Luckily for you, there are a few things you should check so this problem does not happen again. In this article, we are going to hit the top 8 reasons that drain a car battery. So, let us hop right into it!

8 Reasons That Will Drain Your Car Battery

#1 – Human Fault

More often than not, humans are to blame for the car battery draining down. Headlights can be left on or the trunk was not completely closed. Maybe the dome light was left on as well. These problems can be easily fixed by your awareness as a driver.

Since all of these misuses utilize the electrical system, your car will be as dead as a doornail the next morning needing a jump. Even with the most modern vehicles, your battery may suffer. Do not even get us started with old cars because they will not stand a chance.

#2 – Defective Charging Technology

Sometimes, the electrical system can have some issues when connected with the alternator. Since the charging of the battery involves a healthy electrical system, the battery can drain quicker than you ever thought.

What happens with the electrical system is the fact that the belts and tensioners begin to lose their optimal functioning. Unfortunately, then the battery will continue to die day after day even with a charge. Something will have to give.

#3 – Other Electrical Issues

In the mechanic world, when a battery is drained by other electrical systems, they call this the “parasitic drain.” But, this drain is more common than you might first think. There are things in a car that run 24/7. Think security systems, clocks, and radio presets.

With this in mind, this can be some trouble spots that can drain a car’s battery without you evening knowing what was going on in the first place. If this is the problem, you may want to also check fuses, wiring, and poor installation to get everything back up-to-date.

#4 – Temperature Ranges

With temperatures going back and forth in many states across the country, sulfate crystals can start to build up causing major issues for you and your vehicle. If this happens, and your battery is dead, it will probably mean that the charging process will take even longer than you previously thought. Even if the battery is recharged, it might never recharge fullying again as long as you have it in your vehicle.

Additionally, the life of your battery can be stymied, lasting less than you thought it would. Your battery might even fail as well. Even short drives can be the culprit of a car’s battery draining down.

#5 – Overused/Weak Batteries

Not all car batteries live forever. Since everything has an expiration written on it, you can expect a car battery to only work for a couple of years. Most batteries on the market today will last anywhere from 3-4 years at a time. With every passing day, time will undermind your battery, limiting its durability for the future.

Still, not everything revolves around this type of battery. If you do not maintain your vehicle regularly, your battery will falter sooner than expected. Even poor driving habits can cause major issues leading to your battery being drained out.

#6 – Minimal Battery Cleaning

Just like everything in the world today, it is imperative things are maintained and clean. This is no different from a car battery perspective. However, you should be very careful when cleaning your vehicle’s battery because the acid from the product can be very detrimental to a human’s health.

So, this is what you should do. First, use a rag that is dry to take off any residual debris or dirt around the terminals of the battery. Never use a wet rag or material that could cause an electric shock. This way, you will be extremely safe when working to make your battery work better than ever before.

#7 – Corroded/Loose Battery Connections

Over time, battery connections start to lose their hold on the battery. Corrosion can play a big role as to the loosening of the connections. What corrosion does is truly malicious.

First, corrosion blocks power cells from charging the way they should. Secondly, corrosion can lead to rust, which messes with the chemical compositions that move chemical energy to electrical power. When this negative process happens, the battery never fully charges as it should.

If you do start to witness corrosion on your battery, here is what you should do. (1) Clean it as soon as humanly possible. (2) Check the battery cable connections to make sure they have a stronghold to start your vehicle each time you need it.

#8 – Driving Short Distances

Some people want to retain their vehicles for as long as possible. Can you blame them? As soon as a new vehicle comes off the auto lot, the car loses its value. It is an outrage, but this is the truth of the matter.

With this in mind, limited miles on a car, along with short drives to the store and back, actually can cause havoc on a car’s battery. Even though this has more to do with a vehicle’s alternator, the battery is partially to blame here as well. When a battery gets charged, the alternator has to work to get juice around to the power cells of a car. To help keep the power cells fully stocked, driving a car long distance as helps with the process, believe it or not.

So, if you only use your car for 5 to 10 minutes at a time, you may be caught with a dead battery before you know it. Even if you only drive short distances, keep your car running when you come to a complete stop. This way, the battery can start getting its chargeback again.


Final Verdict

At the end of the day, a car’s battery is essential for you to get from Point A to Point B. If you can watch out for human error, you will fix most of the problems that come with a drained battery. Furthermore, you will be a well-qualified car owner who understands the ins and outs of their vehicles.

Ultimately, we do not think about a car battery all that often until we need it replaced or it dies on us. With this in mind, give your battery more care and attention. This way, you can drive wherever you want, without have problems on the way. Safe travels wherever you roam and do not forget about your battery every now and again. In turn, you will have a vehicle that supports you and keeps you safe whether on the old country roads or the interstate highways.

When it comes to owning or leasing a vehicle, it is essential to know how much oil does my car need. This lubricant is an essential part of any vehicle because it helps your engine work properly.

Periodically, to keep your vehicle in working form, getting the right oil and the correct amount can help you out a lot. But, do not fret. Most people in your shoes do not know how much oil they need.

Luckily for you, figuring out oil for your car is not rocket science. So, without further ado, let us hop into the nitty-gritty about what to do about oil with your vehicle.

Engine Oil Capacities

Traditionally, a 4-cylinder engine needs about 5 oil quarts. On the other hand, 6-cylinder engines need the same amount of quarts: 6. V8 engines work the same way needing 8 quarters. However, there is a lot more than meets the eye when it comes to car oil.

One thing to consider with V8 motos is that some manufacturers have upgraded technologies that do not need as much oil. In today’s day and age, some V8 engines only need 5 quarts. Do not be that person who lives by the old standards and changes out the way oil used to be done. This will get you in loads of trouble, resulting in your vehicles going down in the dumps for good.

Do Not Forget Oil Filters

Oil filters should not be left out of the equation either. Depending on the type of oil filter being added to your vehicle should coincide with the right type of motor oil as well. For example, if have a V8 engine, there is a different amount of oil to put in whether you change out the filter or not. An old oil filter only accounts for 3 7/8 quarts of oil. On the other hand, 4 1/2 quarts is for vehicles with a brand new filter.

Using Your Resources

Fortunately for you, there are a variety of resources online that can help you rock the oil change process. Many of these sites what to know the make and model of your car, the trim, the year, and engine code. With this information in mind, they can help you get the right oil for your ride.

Picking The Right Oil

There are a few things to keep in your thoughts when picking the right oil for your vehicle. First, you should know the oil’s viscosity level. This level shows you if the oil is thin or thick. After the viscosity level, you will notice the letter “W.” Another number will follow after that. Let us talk about what all these numbers and letters have anything to do with car oil.

The very first number you has everything to do with the oil flow at 0 degrees Fahrenheit. The letter “W” stands for winter, while the last number is based on the viscosity level when paired with 212 degrees Fahrenheit.

The lower number is an example of how easy your engine will turn when the weather gets cold. But, for more information, you should always check out your user’s manual. This way, you will find the best level of viscosity for your ride.

Needing An Oil Change

Typically, you should change your oil every 3,000 to 5,000 miles. However, there are more specific symptoms you should check out to make sure your engine is running at tip-top condition.

Your first weapon of defense again faulty oil is your oil light. When your oil light comes on and stays on, your oil level needs to be sorted out. In this situation, you can either replace the oil altogether or add some more oil to help run your engine.

Look Out For Your Pressure Gauge

With the help of an oil pressure gauge, you can check out for a low reading. Some vehicles have an oil pressure gauge already. But, if you do not have one, you can buy one or have a mechanic check things out.

Listen To The Engine

Using your eyes can help you figure out oil problems as well. If your engine does not sound like it normally does, this is a key to understanding your car’s need for an oil change. A smooth engine runs smoothly without any pops from the engine while having a consistent hum.

On the other hand, a rough engine may start to chunk around without the consistent purr stated earlier. If this is the case with your engine, either tow it to the nearest mechanic, drive it to a mechanic, or figure things out on your own.

Can The Oil Level Be High?

This might not be as common as oil being too low, but oil can also need to be changed out when there is too much of it. With too much motor oil, your crankcase can start to have some troubles. For example, the oil pump will start to have a mind of its own. With a crankshaft turning 20 times per second when you are on the freeway, you do not want to leave your vehicle to chance.

Agitation is something that your engine can deal with when oil is at an unsafe level. Just make sure to check out your dipstick. This device will tell you when its full, empty, and anything in between.

An Oil Level Check

Whether you change the oil or not, it is imperative you know how to check your oil. Let us say you are adding oil to the vehicle. Start with only a few quarts. Use the dipstick to see where it falls. If you are still dealing with limited oil, add another quart for the best results.

After you have the right amount of oil, start your engines. Let the engine run for about 10 minutes. To this point, allow the oil to circulate through the engine. Then, shut off the engine altogether. Take the dipstick off, wipe it off, replace it into the engine, and try the process again.

This will give you an accurate reading of what your oil amount in the engine is. However, make sure you do this all gradually. Nothing is worse than ruining your engine for the long haul.

Brands of Oil

With so many oil brands out there in the 21st Century, it can be hard to navigate which is best for your vehicle. Luckily for you, the automotive industry has been around for over a century and is well aware of its consumers’ needs. Check out Valvoline, Castrol, and Mobil 1 when it comes to engine oil you can trust for your car.

Valvoline has been rated some of the best motor oil for the best performance around. Especially if you own a sports car, you will surely notice the difference with this kind of motor oil. Even if you do not know a sports car, you can expect a traditional compact vehicle to go well over 150,000 miles and onward. No matter if you have worked on vehicles for years, or it is your first time, people in the business swear by this oil.

Castrol is another trusted brand on the market. Just like people are different, so are cars. Castrol understands this thoroughly. By adding a new filter as well, you should be good to go with Castrol

Mobil 1 is the last oil you should investigate further. There are countless stories of people using Mobil for the life of their vehicle, and it lasting over 300,000. Having a smooth engine and added mileage are some benchmarks you will notice with this kind of oil.

On Your Own Vs. Mechanic

Speaking about you being a mechanic versus having a mechanic do things, it is important to figure out how you will change your oil in the first place. If you are looking to be a mechanic for your oil change, it is important to know what you are getting into.

First off, you need to gauge how well you know how to change the oil in a vehicle. If you are not careful, you could empty other fluids that are not oil. Also, you will need to buy supplies such as fresh oil, a ratchet set, an oil catcher, and a car raising crank if you do not already have one with your vehicle.

Now, if you would rather have a mechanic do it, the process will cost more. But, a mechanic could get the oil change done quickly, especially if you do not have time to do this. Just figure out what is best for you and your lifestyle.

Final Verdict

Now that we have come to the end of the article, it is time for you to shine. You know what you need to do, but now you just need to do it. Figure out how much oil your vehicle needs, if you want to perform the feat by yourself or not, and push ahead, so your car will run great.

This process can take time and money to complete, but it is well worth it for the longevity of your vehicle. Be patient when working and be safe wherever you roam. Moving forward, you will be a pro and even be able to help those around you. What better way than to show others how to help them with their motor oil. This way, you can enjoy the road of the United States of America and beyond. Happy trails to you and the ones around you on the roads this year.

Do you own a car and fear of it getting stolen? Thanks to the advent of technology, unlike in the olden days where stolen cars took ages to track through an expensive investigative team and a tiring process, today’s stolen cars get traced instantly. Also, you get to locate your vehicle with ease if you had no idea where you packed it or had given someone to use. You may ask how. By use of the Global Positioning System (GPS). Like many people, you may wonder what a GPS is and how it gets used. You need not fret; in this article, you shall learn how to track a car with GPS.

A GPS is a radio navigation system operated through a satellite by the US Air Force but owned by the US government. By use of a GPS, you get able to know about your car’s movements. Here is how you use a GPS to track your vehicle.

How to Track Your Car Using GPS

Most cars come with inbuilt GPS, and the exciting thing is that they are free and valuable to use. You need not buy another GPS. But most manufacturers build a navigation system with a premium package that offers extra features that make tracking your car easy. If your vehicle does not have GPS software, you need not worry. The market gets flooded with quality GS software for you to choose depending on your needs, budget, and type of car. Some of the available free tracks include the Instamapper and the Google maps GS.

After acquiring your GPS locator, you then register your device and service based on your car’s specifications. All GPS comes with the company’s website responsible for hosting these programs. You, therefore, need to login to the site and fill in your car’s and personal details. For example, the model and color of your car and email. The GPS software you use will determine the type of technique to use to track your vehicle.

If you want to enjoy tracking your car using a free GPS, you should register your details successfully. A few minutes after registration, you should get a notification confirming the successful receipt of your details. Then you get sent a link via your email’s inbox to download the software. But when you buy a tracker, you need to install and hide it correctly in your car. No one should get to see or notice it with ease.

Advanced GPS models like the advanced A-GPS Car that get operated using a remote control are accessible. With these kinds of GPS, you can either install them temporarily or permanently. Fortunately, most tracking devices for cars get made tiny to help you hide them anywhere in your vehicle with ease where no one can see or destroy them. For instance, you can hide them anywhere in your steering wheels or cars. After installing it in a secure and suitable place in your vehicle, you then activate the GPS. Then browse your provider’s website to make a few changes to your device’s settings.

After changing the settings, you get to see your car’s exact location since the latitude and longitude are usually real-time. It also means that your car’s information gets updated every minute. What’s exciting about this GS device is the fact that you can adjust it to indicate those places that are risky and less risky. You get a notification through your email. Isn’t it amazing! GPS enhances your security.

It gets even better with these GPS models because the location they cover is unlimited. Also, you only pay once with no added subscription fees. You may get interested in free GPS. Are you wondering why? It comes manual free since it’s easy to operate. Also, the fact that it gets computerized makes it easy to handle any problem. You only need to contact customer service via your email if you encounter any issue with your GPS. They will help you locate your car at any time and day in case you experience any difficulty. Alternatively, you can find your vehicle using a mobile phone. Are you eager to know how? Check out the following;

How to Track Your Car Using Your Phone

First, connect your mobile phone to the internet. For smartphones, putting on Wi-Fi or your data will do. As a result, you get to locate your car in real-time. Search for the most reliable company offering tracking services via phone and sign up. Then go to your Google map application and switch it on. Make some essential settings changes like your phone’s id. After finishing with your settings, you will get a notification requesting whether the software can start tracking. Tap the okay button to accept the offer. Then switch it to silent mode and hide it somewhere safe from anyone. When the phone rings to indicate the location, it will alert people where it’s hidden and the fact that the car is getting monitored.

Because the phone can quickly get out of power, it gets recommended that you connect it to a reliable power backup. Alternatively, you can seek the services of an experienced and skilled technician to connect your mobile phone with the car’s car battery. In this regard, your phone will always be on, and you can trace your vehicle 24/7 without power interruption.

When you are through, login to the website of the company you choose to offer you the phone tracking services. Make sure the username is your name because if it indicates another name, you don’t get recognized as the real owner in case of any incident. If you see a dot blinking on your phone, know that your device’s Google map is active.

As your car moves, the dot indicates the location and the direction you are moving. What’s impressive about tracing your car with your phone is the fact that you can get full information about where your car went for the last four weeks. Thanks to the phone’s back-up memory. With your phone’s Google mapper, you get to see your car’s essential movement details like the direction, speed, mileage, or stations stopped at for one month. The only setback with tracking your vehicle using the phone is that the process is cumbersome. As a result, you get forced to use a small device called TrackR to easy the process by pairing it with your phone. Instead of fitting your mobile phone in the car, you install the tracker since it’s smaller than your phone. It’s the size of your phone.


The fact that your car can get stolen cannot get ignored. Your driver may also misuse your car by driving around. As illustrated above, installing a GPS in your car is essential. Alternatively, you can track your vehicle using your mobile phone. If you have the money, you can go for the premium GPS, as described above, because they come with added features. But free GPSs are equally good. Unlike before, when investigators physically searched for your car when lost and used much time and energy, you can be able to locate your lost or stolen vehicle almost instantly if connected with a tracking system. Besides, you would instead buy GPS software than buy a new car!

Traveling with your mobile home is one of the most thrilling adventures you can ever have. However, having a malfunctioning power converter in your RV before or during the trip, all your expectations and excitements in your trip will be illusions. To be safe, explore carefully RV converter troubleshooting tips discussed in this article.

An RV converter is uniquely designed to provide you with those small things that make you feel at home. But for you to feel homely during your camping trip, there is a need for electricity. You can use the power to charge your smartphone, cool your niceties in the refrigerator, and it is also possible to prepare your food with RV powered stove. Generally, you can have all the services that are reliant on electricity when your RV power system is working rightly. Every amp must run through a converter to be transformed into Direct Current in order to power appliances like TV, stove, and others. You should know that RV converters are expensive, therefore in case of replacement, you should always consult a professional service. Trying to do it yourself in order to save some bucks, you risk burning your entire system.

Related Post: Power Inverter

Another important point to know is that you will need to use an RV power converter when using the generator or if you want to charge the RV batteries. In places that have enough sunshine and you use solar power, you will not need the RV converter.

How to Tell if Your RV Converter Is Bad?

Many recreation vans or motorhomes use RV converter to operate electrical appliances like vent fans, refrigerators, lighting, and heating system. They work by converting 110-volt AC power into 12-volt DC power that is needed for the optimal performance of items.

There are some cases where the converter starts malfunctioning to the extent that there is total power loss to all fixtures, especially if it is a bit old. And in other instances, the power is insufficient to run the entire RV electrical system. See below signs that your RV converter is bad.

  • The battery cannot supply a constant change. This is one of the common signs you can see to know that your converter has performance issues, if the battery is not retaining the charge as before. Battery should supply the power based on the amount it draws from the system which is driven by 12-volt DC power. The onboard batteries will send a failure signal by failing to hold a full charge.

To identify the faulty battery, you should charge all of them, then disconnect them from each other in order to note the discharging capacity of each. After disconnection, you can use a multimeter to check which of the batteries is losing voltage than usual.

  • Abnormal voltage range. It happens where the voltage range entering goes beyond or below how it is expected on either the RV converter or 12-volt breaker box. The voltage entering the RV converter should be between 108 to 130 volts and 11 to 13 volts in the 12volts breaker box.

To be able to check effectively, you need a voltmeter. Then, start by checking the amount that is entering the RV converter if it is in the normal range. Again check the voltage capacity entering the DC box. If in either case, there is any inconsistency, you can conclude that is where the failure arises.

  • Cooling fan malfunctioning. If the cooling fan is not working well, then it is a sure sign than that the RV converter is having issues. The fan works when the 110V AC is continuously supplied to the system. If by any chance the entry voltage is not correct or varies, the fan won’t work. apart from indicating on voltage change at the entry point, the fun itself may be defective. So before thinking that the converter is the problem and end up replacing it, do a thorough test on the entry voltage.

After ascertaining that the 110V converter is correctly working, inspect the fun and, if possible, replace it. That way you will have solved the problems. It is also possible that both the fan and the converter are failing. It could be possible that the fan itself is ok but the problem lies with the thermal sensor or the thermostat. So the cooling fan will not operate if the current cannot flow through the thermostat to the thermal sensor.

You should check if the thermostat or thermal sensor is working by testing if the current is passing or not. If the current is not passing, try bypassing the thermal sensor. If the fan starts up, you are safe and you won’t have to replace it. Else, the two will need replacement.

Troubleshooting Your RV Power Converter

You should understand that a number of aspects can cause that failure in the working of your RV converter. To find the root core, start by checking all the electrical connections and guarantee they are tight clean and dry. With the entire system check, you will have an idea of the causes of problems.

  1. Examine the circuit board

    If you have necessary skills with electronics. Go ahead and unscrew the circuit board. Investigate if there is any acid leak. Sometimes acid will leak and cause the clog in the connection. It easy to identify the acid smell on the connection. If there is any leak sign, you can easily clean. But firstly disconnect the batteries, shore power, and the solar panels.

Prepare a mixture of 12 ounces of water and 1 teaspoon of baking soda. Make sure that you clean thoroughly and allow some time to dry before reuniting the panels completely. If still after cleaning the problem is still there, know the converter is the faulty one.

Some circuit boards have resistors for controlling the voltage flowing from 12V DC sources. Locate the resistors carefully, and in case there is some battery acid in the connection joints on the resistors, it means the battery has issues.

The diodes work to ensure that current only flows in a given direction. Moreover, they also prevent the reversal current that could otherwise blow the electrics. It is not easy to test them, and where they are the cause of abnormalities, the only solution is replacing the converter.

  1. Examine the fuses

    In most cases, when addressing the electrical problems fuses are the apparent thing commonly ignored. Fuses typically work to ensure in case of power surges, they break the connections to ensure wires and electrical devices are safe from blowing or melting. It is advisable that you carefully look at your fuses in such a scenario and if you notice even a slight crack on the fuse, then replace them as soon as possible.

  2. Check your accessories

    Before rushing into conclusions on which area to replace, it is recommended that you firstly scrutinize your DC devices. Sometimes you may be thinking the RV converter is failing when your devices are causing all the miseries. So you should be sure the DC outputs current as expected.

  3. Examine the 110-volt power source

    Sometimes you may find the failures you hook other parts of the system with, is just arising from the 110V power source. The best way to ascertain is to connect the power source with 110 appliances that are in your RV like refrigerators or microwaves. If you find that bypassing the RV, the system operates well, then know the RV is the problem.

Addressing professional is another option. If working out through the guide above is not something you can try yourself, reach out to the service of an expert.  You may be lacking enough courage and experience to check the cause of problems in the converter. Therefore, it is ok spending some money to pay for the services and the professional will solve the predicament.

RV Converter Basic Maintenance Guidelines

The motorhome is the luxury equipment that means so much to you. For your safety and financial good, let your RV converter be always in good condition and maintained. By having a close check regularly, you can identify any possible tear or anything before becoming bigger. It easy to find out some warps or bees nest in your RV.if fabrics stuck or damage your awning, the repair cost could be very costly.

You should always replace the fuel, coolant, and air in your RV converter when need be. It is part of care and maintaining. To have a properly working RV, you should be inspecting hydraulic filters, fuel filter, and coolant every time you change the oil.

Generally, treating and cleaning your RV slide outs and seals can have a significant impact on the performance of your RV. So regular cleaning of seals will prevent any possible problems. Wear and tear of motors are mostly induced by improper care or cleaning of the RV. RV slides need proper lubrication to ensure they run in and out with the lowest wear and tear possible. For windows, also apply suitable lubricant to provide an appropriate seal on the rubber.

Further, ensure the wastewater system is kept in the right condition. And you should use the proper amount of fluids to ensure that everything flashes out. When the flashing fluid is not used in the proper amount, there could be so much build-up that can lead to clogging of the system. The waste build-up may lead to valves seizing and failure of operations.

Those are just some of the tips for maintaining your RV converter. There is much you can do to improve the working of your motorhome system.


If you have checked all the things we have discussed above, and still your system is failing you, the option is that you will need to buy a new converter. Always but the kind or type of RV converter that you can afford without crushing your budget. Some converters have costly spares. Before starting on any trip, make sure you test every part of your converter system. Trips without electricity are a boring one, and the main point is that you should periodically check the functionality of your converter.

Finally, when you face any serious problem with your RV converter, seek the help of a certified specialist. The expert will give the best direction on whether you should repair or replace it.

Your car engine is made of metal parts that are constantly moving and rubbing against each other whenever the engine is running. For these metal parts to continue working optimally and preventing them from overheating, there is a need for sufficient lubrication. Therefore, replacing car engine oil is crucial. The big question is, should you be taking your car to the shop any time there is a need for an oil change? Can’t you do it yourself? The DIY oil change is the most basic car maintenance job any driver should know. Apart from being a simple process, it saves time and your hard-earned money. If you ever sat down on the waiting bay reading an old newspaper as the car mechanic replace your car oil, you understand how it feels.

Generally, some manufacturers recommend that oil be replaced two to three times after purchase, on covering a specific number of miles. It is not always prudent to follow the manufacturer’s schedule to the latter because it can also be flexible. An overused car benefits typically from the shorted schedule, and hence visual check of the oil is ideal.

How to Change Engine Oil

If you are comfortable under the hood, then you will reap the many benefits that come with changing the oil yourself. One of the advantages is that whenever you visit the service center, you will find that the mechanic is busy with customers. Sometimes you find that the specialist may not do a thorough job because of the fast-paced atmosphere and intent to serve as many clients as possible. It takes a lot of time to drain all the burnt oil from the engine. And the mechanic’s impatient nature may compromise your car engine’s integrity. When you do the oil change yourself, you will have enough time to flush every drop before replacement.

When you are used to changing engine oil yourself, it will provide you with an avenue to know the state of your car and the engine oil brand that performs best. Apart from getting mechanics advice regarding the condition of your vehicle, you will be able to verify without having to rely on anyone’s opinion. It can also be expensive having such an easy service done anytime there is a need.

Tools and Materials

Before you start the stepwise process of car engine oil replacement, access the type of engine oil you are having. The environmental conditions have a significant impact on the kind of oil you should choose. While the owner’s manual may give directives, you should check with an expert to know the most appropriate oil to use based on the environmental temperatures of the place you live. You should also have all the tools and materials required with you as follows:

  • combination wrench set
  • oil drain pan
  • oil filter wrench
  • 2 empty gallon containers
  • New oil filter
  • Surgical gloves
  • Jack
  • New crush washer
  • funnel

10 Steps to Change Your Engine Oil

After you have all you need, the process can follow the below 10 step by step guide to replacing the engine oil.

Step#1: Warm up your car by running the engine for 5 minutes

The reason for running the engine is because the engine oil tends to solidify when the ambient temperature is low. So when you crank the engine, the oil will become less viscous and hence easy to drain. When the engine warms up, you should not start draining immediately; allow some time like 5 minutes for the temperature to fall. Lowering temperature prevents you from potential oil burns. However, if the engine has been running for the long hours, let the temperature cool enough before trying to drain the oil.

Step#2: Secure your vehicle in level terrain, flat surface, and jack

Make sure that the car is stable and, if possible, place a rock behind the tires for safety in case of an emergency. Check if your vehicle is in neutral if manual or Pack position for automatic. Then slowly raise your car with a jack, and you must use reliable jack stands at this point. Going under the hood with a loose jack stand, you risk being crushed in case the car slips off the jack. Then you slide under the hood to locate oil plug if all is fine.

Step#3: Drain out all the old oil from the engine

If your car comes with a splash guard that protects your car’s underside, use a wrench to unscrew and remove it to reach the sum plug. Have the drain pan placed directly under the sump plug so that after the cap is out, the oil will start flowing into the pan. At this point, you also clean the sum plan thoroughly and check if the crush washer is perfect. If the washer is not tight, replace it to prevents oil leaks.

Let the oil drain completely, given enough time, and when you are comfortable, not even a single drop is remaining, you can securely screw back the sum plug. If you fear the oil splashing on your face, use an oil extractor to suck the oil from the top.

Step#4: Remove the filter to clean its section

Where your car has the insert oil filter, start by removing the filter before draining the oil. That ensures that all the oil is in the engine, and no residue will remain during draining. However, if the filter is in the plate shape that is at the engine’s bottom, you can remove it after draining the oil. Using the oil filter remover or ordinary sandpaper, it easy to remove the filter because that will increase the grip. Using an old cloth clean well the filter compartment and ensure no traces of old oil remains.

Step#5: Replace an oil filter with a new one

Whenever you change your car’s engine oil, it is recommended that you replace the oil filter too. Apart from replacing the filter, the O-ring or the washer needs a new one. This will guarantee that you have a leak-free system. Firstly, lubricate the crush washer with the new engine oil that you will replace with to have a faultless seal. Then, put the filter on and tighten the filter cap firmly.

Step#6: Pour in new oil using a funnel

Pour in the engine oil through the funnel carefully, and before then, make sure that you put in the exact amount your car engine space can hold. It is good to always refer to the manual, so to have an idea of how much your car engine can accommodate. Using the dipstick, you can always gauge the amount you are adding in your car engine, as overfilling may become problematic later. After the correct engine, oil is filled, close the cap tightly.

Step#7: Start your car and allow the engine to run for some time

Running the engine for several minutes after changing the oil allows the new oil to circulate all over the engine. It can be unfortunate if you just start your car after oil replacement and go only to be met by a tragic incident. The other reason why it is advisable to confirm by running the engine as you watch is to make sure that the crush washer is tight enough and no leaks whatsoever. If you notice a slight leak, stop the engine, allow it to cool and tighten again.

Step#8: Using a dipstick confirm the oil level

After you turn off the engine from running, and it has cooled enough, use a dipstick to check the engine oil level. Check the level marking on the dipstick against the manufacturer’s manual. Make sure it is either at MIN or MAX indication or whichever side is the owner’s favors. If the stated level is not taken into account, you will risk your car engine knocking or developing other advanced issues.

Step#9: Record oil change situations to identify extremes

Always note anytime you replace your engine oil and the reading shown on the odometer of your car. This is important for you can use the data after several oil change situations and use it to write a report. It will also guide you on knowing when you should replace the engine oil next and what causes your engine oil to need changing earlier or later than your expectations.

For instance, most manufacturers recommend that one should replace the engine oil after covering certain miles, yet there are cases where the same vehicle may cover twice or more than distance suggested while still performs effectively.

Step#10: Disposing off the Old engine

Waste from the engine oil is very toxic and requires to be disposed off, at the right place. In some locals, you can check online and be guided to the nearest oil recycling center.

Final Thought

If you carefully follow the above guide, you will realize that the entire process is easy to follow. Once you have successfully mastered the methodology, you will say goodbye to hundreds of dollars lost on changing the oil through the car mechanic. All you need to do is invest some cash in buying all the tools you need for oil change job, and you will benefit a lot in the long run.  And yes, the process may look sloppy if you are a beginner, but once you master it, have confidence, it will be a matter of time and boom you are a veteran!

Knowing how to charge a car battery is important if you ever run into problems with your vehicle. Nothing is worse than having a car battery die on you when you are in the middle of nowhere. Hopefully, you have a contingency plan in place for how to do this.

Of course, having a battery die happens at the most inopportune time. Because of this, you have to be patient and give time to make your battery work again to perfection.

There are a few options that you can consider when charging a car’s battery. These options include jumper cables or a jump starter to get the job done right. However, one of the main questions that everyone wants to know is how long will this process take? So, without further ado, let us dive into the world of jumping a car battery. You will be well-prepared after this article. With so many options when considering info about car batteries, read this material to get more educated than you ever thought humanly possible.

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How Long Does It Take To Charge A Car Battery

Imagine this: you are on your way to work and your car battery will not start your vehicle. You have to jump your car, but you might not be sure how long the process will take.

When your car body gets drained, you will need one of two things: jumper cables or a jump starter. Depending on what piece of technology you have at your disposal, the varying minutes will be also.

Jumper Cables

If you have jumper cables, you will need another vehicle to help you with the process. Let us say your vehicle dies in a two-car garage. This will be easy to use a working vehicle to start your car battery. However, if you are in a single garage or a parking lot away from another working vehicle, you made have to manually push your car to a more useable spot or get it towed.

Make sure that you connect the car with the dead battery red positive cable first and then to the running car’s battery positive circuit. Next, connect the black cable to a running car’s negative terminal and then to the dead car’s battery engine block. This will take some time to get everything organized. After this is safely completed, then you can turn on the working car and let the dead car’s battery charge.

However, make sure that you have the jumper cables correctly. If the jumper cables are connected inappropriately, you could severely hurt the electrical system on your vehicle. So, make sure you know exactly what you are doing before you get into the world of jumper cables.

Jump Starter

If you have a jump starter, you do not need another vehicle with jumper cables. Instead, you can use a jump starter charger that you can connect to the positive and negative circuits from the machine to the car battery. Let the battery charge for a bit, and then try to start your vehicle.

Within a few seconds, a jump starter is a lot more friendly than the ancient jumper cables, allowing you to get on the road a lot quicker. What is more, jump starts can fix polarity issues and will never have any spark issue. This way, you will not ever need to worry about the friendly fire from your jump starter.

To this point, how quickly a battery charge depends on a few things. A car battery could take anywhere from 4 to 24 hours to get back up to full capacity. This is ultimately based upon the Amperes that the car battery has. Most car batteries use 4 amps of power. For example, if you have a battery size of 54 amperes (Ah), it will take the battery around 10 hours to charge fully. But, if you are just looking to get your car started to run, it will only take about 1 hour.

Amperes Output

Other things that may make the process longer or get done quicker depends on how many amperes a car battery jumper cables or charges are giving off. For example, the more amperes a charger has, the quicker the battery will get jump-started. On the other hand, a low amount of amperes means that your battery will last for longer periods moving forward and help with maintenance.

The size can also change the amount of time it takes to charge a dead battery. For most mid-sized sedans, a car’s battery size ranges from 40 to 80 Ah. Also, the type of battery can vary on the amount of time it takes to charge a battery. GEL/AGM batteries are known to charge a battery quicker than the alternative. From this point, people want to know how long they should charge their car battery. The next section will make it clear as day for you.

Charging Speed

When it comes to the speed of the car battery, it depends on the type of battery you end up with. If you end up charging a battery too fast, you can damage the battery for the long haul. The battery will then stay charged for a shorter time. Charging a battery should be a long-term process with low amps being sent. This will keep the battery lasting longer over the lifetime.

Traditionally, a normal charger puts out 4 to 15 amperes. When it comes to maintenance charging, 2 to 4 amperes are what you should expect. However, it is important to check the car battery that you have for a charging rate to make it fit your needs.

If you are running out of time and need to get to your location in a jiffy, the rate should be 8 to 15 amperes. So you do not damage your battery, never go over 15 amperes. This way, you can assure your battery will last and last.


Picking the Right Battery Charger or Jumper Cables

When you are thinking through a battery charger or jumper cables, you need to think through why you want one of these options. First, think through the simplicity of charging. The most up-to-date charger is a breeze to connect and has a monitor system, so the amps will be regulated by the technology. However, just because the jump charger can do this on its own, you should still check to make sure the amps are working the way they should.

There are cheaper chargers out on the market today that say that they have more amps than the standard charger. However, look for quality and not quantity. This will save you in the long run, and you will have peace of mind wherever you go. This way, you can limit damages to your precious battery, too. If you are looking for the right car battery chargers and cables, they are a ton to look at.

Timely Battery Chargers and Cables

When it comes to battery chargers, you want to find an option that is heavy-duty and quickly gets the job done right. CTEK is a great band to consider but will cost your pocketbook more money than traditional battery chargers. This option can charge your battery in minutes, and even connects to a wall socket. Your car will start up in seconds as well.

TACKLIFE and BEATIT also put out more affordable jump starters. Ranging from $40 to $100, these starters take a little longer to charge your battery, but it will still get the job done right. These beauties range from 800 to 2,000 Ah, which is plenty of power for the traditional vehicle on the road today. Your car will start in a matter of seconds with these chargers, but the full charger might take upwards of an hour or more to completion.

Jumper cables might be on your list too. Each jumper cable has a gauge rating. This works to explain the thickness of the cables you are using. If you have a small gauge rating, the thicker the cables will be. On the other hand, the larger gauge rating the cables are. This matters for a few reasons. The thicker the cables you have, the more amps can work its way through the cables. This allows for longer, more effecting charging to your dead car battery.

If you end up using a higher gauge cable for a longer time, there could be some severe problems coming your way. For example, using higher-grade jumper cables for an extended time could start to melt the cables with the number of amps going through them. With this in mind, the melting cables could soon turn into a fire, causing massive issues to your car battery and maybe even your entire vehicle.

Some of the best jumper cables on the market include brands like Energizer, NOCO, Cartman, and NoOne. Now, that you have the charger or jumper cables, it is time for you to safely store them in your vehicle if the need arises.

Safety First

With all this talk about charging a car battery, safety needs to be discussed more than it previously has. If you are not completely comfortable with using jumper cables or a jump starter, do not feel the pressure of time wearing down on you. Safety is priority one, so get trained help to come your way.

Also, charging a battery should not be a speedy process. To get a complete charge take the necessary time for success. With this in mind, you can stay safe wherever your car battery goes caput. Do not be the recipient of a YouTube video because you tried to charge your car battery your way. It never ends well at all.

Do not be some of those people who hook the wrong positive and negative cables in the wrong place. This will start sparks soaring, and could catch your vehicle on fire. Then, the fire department comes and things do not go very well from there. All the fire you want to have happened in your engine combusting and your heat picking up the temperature inside your cab. Nothing more and nothing less.

Final Verdict

Now that we have come to the end of our conversation on how to charge your dead car battery, it is up to you to make the necessary decisions to set you up well. There is nothing worse than getting stranded due to a car battery. Do not allow the process to take even longer because of your poor planning.

Take that example in for a second, will you? You are traveling across the western United States of America, and your battery dies on your in the desert of Utah. Because of this, you probably have limited cell phone coverage. If you do not have a jump starter or jumper cables, you may be in a situation where sleeping in your vehicle might be the best choice for you moving forward. Do not be this person! Plan and get the right tech to charge your battery extremely quick. Best of luck finding the right battery for you!

Fog lights are very crucial features that every car owner should have, especially during the rainy season. They help drivers see through foggy or poor weather conditions. Therefore, replacing or adding fog lights to a car that does not have can enhance visibility and safety. Most owner’s kits come with step by step guide from the manufacturers on how to install fog lights.

Further, you should understand that each car model has a unique way of fixing the fog lights. Some vehicles have their fog lights on the front bumper. Some car owners may want to install fog lights on the grill or the rack above the front of the car.

Experts recommend picking the fog lights that are suitable for your vehicle. When you are driving on bad weather, yellow lights are ideal, since they offer visibility. White or blue lights sometimes cause a close glaring especially after hitting snow or fog which tires the driver’s eyes easily.

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How to install Fog lights: A Complete Guide

Before embarking on the mounting of your preference fog lights, there are a few things you will need to consider. Firstly, you should consult with the local authority, to ensure that your new fog lights comply with the restrictions set by the department of transportation.

Secondly, pick the bulb style that is most helpful from the available three main types.

  • LED bulbs. These bulbs emit bright lights, use less energy and have a long life. However, LED bulbs are more expensive compared to halogens.
  • HID bulbs. These bulbs use xenon gas, which makes them produce super quality bright light. Most drivers prefer them for their brightness which is very close to daytime.
  • Halogen bulbs. These are the oldest types, widely used due to their affordability compared to other fog light bulbs. People who have a taste of classics prefers using halogen bulbs.

Thirdly, it is essential to choose the fog light style from available three mounting categories. Go for the flair that fits your vehicle best.

  • Bumper mount. These mounts are round or rectangular which fits precisely in intended holes. It is in this style that most fog lights come from the factory.
  • Grill mount. Grill mount lights are mounted directly behind the grill or above it. They are large and round commonly installed by SUVs and trucks. Rackmount. This mounting style has rectangular or round lights. They are installed on to the front brush guard.

Wiring Your Fog Lights

Irrespective of the kind of fog light you wish to install or wherever you will fit them, you need to connect through the car’s electrical arrangement. You should study the wiring illustration that comes with the package from the factory to know which wire connects best to the car’s electrical system.

An ordinary fog light usually has a white-power cable, black-coloured ground wire, a red split fog light wire, and a green switch wire. Additionally, there is the fog light switch, a fuse, and a relay. To understand the uses of various cables, you should study the fog light guidebook carefully.

Next, find a hole through which wire will pass in the automobile’s firewall. Some cars have the hole, and if your automotive does not have, drill it through a firewall. And mount rubber grommet about the light wire to assist in keeping the elements safe.

If you have the necessary skills for installing fog lights, it can be of considerable significance to avoid any safety concerns in case of a mistake while connecting. Before you start connecting wires, you need to open the cover and disconnect negative battery terminals. It is vital because it will prevent short-circuiting if a metallic tool gets in touch with a metal car part.

Install a dedicated light switch if your car has none. Locate a place for installing an on-off switch in the dashboard or steering column. Using a bolt for adjusting through metal, check for a ground where fix a ground wire. Further, find a positive linkage and plug the connector from the light switch to the fuse.

Connect the on and off switch to the fog light wiring and double-check your connection against the fog light installing drawing. If you are assertive that all the placement is in perfect state, secure the installation using restraint ties.

Where your fog light kit has with green coloured wire, you will need to connect with ignition fuse. The green-coloured wire can only initiate the fog lights when the vehicle’s ignition is turned on.

Installing the Fog Lights

Depending with where you wish to install the fog light, check the owner’s guide on how you should open your car’s bumper. The manual should have a clear guide on how you should replace the fog light that has an aftermarket abnormality.

Using a rotary tool, create a hole on the bumper where you will fix the fog bulb if there is no precut one. Ensure a hole is a little bigger than a fog light without worrying about the gaps. Fog light owners sell bezels made of plastic that hide the gaps in the fog light connection.

You may mount your fog light on the car grill guard, and some fog bulb kits come with places for screwing straight through bumper grilles.

Finally, after everything is done, connect the ground extensions the black-ground cables of the fog light. Next, connect the opposite side of the ground wires to the unpainted car from the metal section. Connect further; the power wires end to the other power wires that come via the pass-through grilles.

Final Verdict

The above guide can help you install or replace the old fog lights even if you are a beginner. However, in case you feel less confident, reach the service of an expert. A good car mechanic has enough skills to replace or fix your new fog lights correctly without an error.

Installing or replacing your car’s fog lights takes patient and some necessary electrical know-how. If you check the fog light diagram that illustrates the wiring system, you can connect the fog lights yourself. Fog lights can help enhance road safety even during bad visibility circumstances.

Advance in technology has played a significant role in the development of automobiles and their lighting. Acetylene lamps got used in the 1880s as headlights in vehicles because the flames were resilience to wind. But they improved in the 1900s and got better in the 2000s where cars’ visibility is better, making them move faster. With the best headlight bulb, your vehicle can travel even in the worst weather conditions. Also, the vision at night becomes clear. But in the market today, headlamps are many and of different types. Unfortunately, many car owners are not aware of the headlight bulbs to choose for their car. But you need not fret; in this article, you shall get insight into types of headlight bulbs available on the market today.

All headlight bulbs are great. Other than improving your vehicle’s great look, there isn’t any good reason why you should choose one over the other. Headlight bulb types are three as follows;

3 Different Types of Headlights: Which is The Best

  • 1. Halogen

Having gotten improved from the sealed or incandescent lights, they have become the standard lights for most automobiles. But some classic cars still use bright lights. The technology behind the halogen bulbs existed half a century ago, and even get used today. You may wonder why; it is because they are cheap to make and replace. Just like inside a household bulb, halogen bulbs come with a tungsten filament. Halogen gas gets filled in the bulbs to help them last longer and glow brighter

Halogen Headlight

Though there exist five halogens, only Bromine and Iodine get used in the headlights. Halogen lights get made using a combination of bromine and iodine gases to prevent the breaking of the tungsten filament. Also, the bulb gets prevented from blackening or forming a suit. Small cars get fitted with the H4 filament headlight bulb. Smaller and more powerful bulbs come as either H17 or H18 bulbs. But the best halogen bulbs don’t require a watertight unit to protect them. They are self-sealing bulbs renown as either H8, H9, or H11 and are ideal to use as fog lights.

To light up the halogen lights’ bulbs, electricity get to pass through the filament. In the process, heat gets produced, and handling these bulbs becomes difficult. Unfortunately, moisture affects how these lights perform. Even small of your skin’s moisture can diminish their performance.


  • Easy to produce
  • Cheap
  • Ideal to use both in an automobile’s interior lighting and headlights
  • Easy to replace


  • Yellow hue due to color temperature of around 3000K
  • Poor download visibility as the lumen output is usually about 1500K, making it reasonably low
  • General life expectancy is typically 2000 hours. Lower than that of the other types of headlights.


  • 2. High-Intensity Discharge (HID)

HID headlight bulbs got only seen in luxury or high end cars. But thanks to the development of technology, you can now find these bulbs installed in general model cars. You may wonder how to recognize a vehicle installed with HID bulbs. You need not fret because it’s easy. If you see a vehicle emitting light with a distinct white/blue tinge, then it’s fitted with HID bulbs. Compared to the halogen bulbs, the HID headlights light brighter. It is the reason why drivers driving vehicles installed with HID headlights enjoy increased visibility. Are you wondering why? Because xenon gas gets fitted in the bulbs and then ignited through an electric arc found between two electrons within the bulb.

But to ignite the xenon gas in these bulbs, you need a massive amount of voltage, which gets controlled through a ballasted installed within the headlight housing. Have you ever seen a bolt of lightning controlled within a small tube? These bulbs work like that. Unlike the halogen bulbs that come cheap because they produce light by use of a metal filament, HID bulbs are expensive. Also, if not handled well, they can cause injury.

HID Headlight

If you want to know whether the car headlights bulbs in your automobile are HID bulbs, check the kind of light produced. If it’s bright and white-bluish, then the bulbs are HID. The process emits less heat when compared to the halogen bulbs. But for you to enjoy full brightness, your lights should warm up for some time. Well warmed up HID bulbs light quite brightly to the extent of being banned in some countries.

To ensure the light beams got projected downwards until recently, many automobiles with HID lights required self-levelling mechanisms and headlight washers. It is the primary reason why these bulbs were costly to produce, making the carmakers to stick to the halogen bulbs for long. But with the advent of technology, car manufacturers are now able to provide xenon bulbs with a lower output. As a result, they no longer require lens washers or a self-levelling system, reducing their cost to almost half. Today, the number of small cars with HID bulbs is growing.

Even though HID bulbs last longer than the halogen bulbs, they don’t emit enough light over time because their light output decreases over time. While at this stage, these lights aren’t safe to use at night. As a result, most car manufacturers recommend replacing HID bulbs every three years.


  • Produces a brighter light of around 3,000 lumens
  • A lifetime of approximately 10,000 hours


  • Expensive
  • Not ideal to use for interior lighting
  • You need an HID conversion kit to switch these bulbs to other types, and it’s road illegal.


  • 3. The Light-Emitting Diode (LED)

Because of their energy-saving ability, LED lights are currently replacing HID lights on new cars. Also, they serve you for many years, and car owners get able to make their signature light shapes. In LED bulbs, an arc or filament doesn’t get used to passing electricity through. Instead, one or more diodes that emit light get used. The brightness of the light produced is similar to that of the HID bulb. But LED bulbs don’t emit excess heat, making them efficient and cheaper to run.

Unfortunately, you have to replace the whole lighting unit if the electronics fail. But it doesn’t seem practical to replace a new lighting system into an old car. It is better only to replace the bulb. As a result, it becomes expensive, installing the whole unit to a car worth much less. But with the development of technology, LED bulbs that can get replaced separately are coming up, making it cheaper.


  • Bright light
  • Uses less energy
  • Lasts long with a life expectancy of 30,000 hours
  • Resistant to shock and vibration


  • In case of failure, you need to replace the entire light unit

Headlight bulbs are essential to use in a car. But to know how to manage these lights, there are factors you need to know about headlight bulbs. Unfortunately, many drivers aren’t aware of them and get caught up in tricky and dangerous situations when they start malfunctioning. To be on the safe side with the car lighting, here are points to remember;


Tips to Remember

  1. When one of your headlights fails, in case you are using the filament bulbs, replace both the passenger and the driver headlight bulbs. It is because when one light burns out, the other doesn’t last that long.
  2. General tear and wear make the headlight lenses become cloudy or get scratched. As a result, the light emitted from your car’s lighting bulbs gets affected negatively.
  • When replacing your car’s bulbs, it is a perfect time to have your fuses and wiring connections checked by a professional. As a result, you will avoid frequent headlight issues from happening in the future. Maintaining your car’s headlight is essential. Are you wondering why? Check out the reasons herein below;


The Importance of Maintaining Your Car’s Headlights

Your light could fail, and you replace it, but the root cause may come from somewhere else. In this regard, you may find yourself replacing your light frequently. As a result, you end up spending most of your hard-earned money on headlights. But when you maintain your car’s lighting system, you get able to detect problems from other sources and rectify them before they affect your car’s headlights. Besides, maintaining your lights ensures that you can see clearly at night and through bad weather. It is a safety issue; drivers get confidence while driving, knowing that they are safe.

Also, you need to have your car’s headlights maintained to avoid them failing while driving. Can you imagine driving at night or through a thick fog, and your lights fail? The situation is not only tricky but also precarious. You also aren’t supposed to drive with either or all your headlights, not functioning. It is illegal, and you can find yourself in the hands of the law for violating road rules. Besides that, you get to endanger the lives of many people on the road, including yourself!

Sometimes accidents on our roads are inevitable and you can find yourself involved in one. In such a situation, if any of your car’s headlights contain a problem, the insurance does not pay you any claims. Would you want that? If you are not sure whether your lights require fixing or replacement, seek the services of a professional mechanic. You will not only get advice on how to maintain your headlights but also have your headlight’s issue fixed on time and professionally. But if you have the time and would love to check your car’s lighting type and condition, here is what to do;


How to Check Your Car’s Lights

It’s vital to check on all your car’s external lights. Start by accessing all wiring connectors, retaining clips, and harnesses. Then check if you can find any signs of damage or chafing. If any, call an expert in car headlights to have them sorted out. For the indicators and brake lights, back up to any wall or your garage’s door and put them on. If working correctly, you will be able to see the reflected light. In case there is no lighting, the bulb may have blown and needs to get replaced. For failed brake lights, the switch could have failed. But do not guess the problem; call a professional mechanic.

It is unlikely to find that both the headlight and indicator lights are not functioning. In such a situation, the circuit could have a fault, or the fuse might have blown. You will find the main fuses in the engine relay box or compartment. Access and check the fuse by unclipping it and removing the cover. If you find any issue, have it replaced. An expert in auto repairs will advise on the problem and how best to get it solved. Your car will get installed with the right fuses, and all the circuit connections will get repaired professionally.

Final Thoughts

As illustrated above, car headlights come in three types but are all equally good. Depending on your car type, taste, and pocket, you get free to install any headlight types in your car. But for optimal results, you should consider some factors about your car’s headlights, as described above. Ensure that you have them maintained regularly by a professional mechanic to prevent developing issues unexpectedly. Also, always go for the headlights that last long and are easy to replace. If you cannot access a mechanic easily, try checking out the lights yourself, as illustrated above. If you discover a problem, reach out to an expert in auto repair for assistance.

Leather is the material of choice for anyone that wants a classy interior because of its comfort, breathability, and durability. Most car owners tend to give better attention to their car`s exterior forgetting the interior leaving the seats to fade and accumulate grime. It is quite expensive to invest in leather seats but the wide range of benefits is well worth the cost if you can keep it in good shape. Leather needs to be attended properly to keep the great look on your car`s interior which is why every car owner should know how to clean their leather car seats and condition them. You also have to keep up the trend by giving deep cleaning your seats at least four times a year and regularly applying a leather cleaning solution at least once a month. While this may sound like a messy job, it is quite easy and fun if you know how to do it right. Here are the steps to doing it properly.

  • 1. Assemble All the Necessary Gear

It is very important to collect everything needed to get your leather seats shining before you get anything started. Here is a list of the basic items you will need.

  • 2 sponges or 2 soft pieces of microfiber cloth
  • 2 buckets of clean water
  • 1 soft brush
  • A vacuum cleaner with a leather brush
  • Leather cleaner
  • A PH balanced Leather conditioner
  • 2 sprayer bottles

Before you start cleaning, here are some important tips to adhere to:

  • Test your leather cleaner and conditioner on a small inconspicuous place on your seats before you can apply it on the seat. Rubbing a small portion and giving it at least one minute to see the effect will help you understand if that is the wrong product for your leather seats. Look out for signs of staining, fading or peeling. If the products react with your seats, you need to drop it for another option. You should avoid cheap cleaners and conditioners because they tend to react with your seats or leave a greasy feel on the surface after cleaning.
  • It is advisable to complete cleaning one seat at a time for the best effects. Leaving one seat for too long after applying your cleaner while doing other seats may cause staining or reaction between your leather seats and the cleaning agent.
  • If you decide to use natural products instead of a leather cleaner, stick to detergents and vinegar. A mixture of water and vinegar at the ratio of 3 vinegar to 1 water is the most potent for cleaning stubborn spill stains and grime without hurting your leather. Leather reacts to silicone, wax and oil-based cleaners which is why you should avoid them at all costs. 3 tablespoons of detergent in 1 liter of warm water can also work well as a cleaner.
  • You need to be extra thorough when cleaning the seams and space between your backrest and cushion. These areas tend to hide more dirt and they are the most vulnerable to absorbing leaks and accumulating grime.
  • Be slow on the water and the cleaner to avoid saturating your foam. Using too much water and cleaner may ruin both the leather and the foam below or need more time dry. You can use a hair drier to absorb excess water from your seat in case you happen to leak too much water into the seat making it damp.


  • 2. Pick Out the Rubbish

Before you start cleaning the seats, you have to ensure that large-sized trash such as papers and greasy objects are not in the car. The large visible trash is likely to mess your vacuum or grease your seats if you move them after you start brushing your seats. This is why you need a clean cushion and carpet to give you enough room for cleaning your leather seats all the way to the base. You should also recline the seats to check for bolts and coins that tend to get stuck on the sides or between the backrest and the seat. Once the surface is free of large solid trash, you can now get down to deep cleaning.

  • 3. Check for Holes

Perforated seats require a more careful hand when vacuuming because high pressure can rip the leather apart ruining the seats. Checking for holes also comes in handy while deep cleaning because you are able to avoid saturating perforated areas to keep the foam in good condition. If your seats have holes, it is advisable to avoid spraying water and your cleaning agent, you can instead use your microfiber cloth to apply it gently all over the surface.

  • 4. Vacuum the Seats

Debris is the main cause of scratches and chipping especially while you brush your seats which is why you really want them out of the way before applying any liquids. You need to ensure that your wet and dry vacuum is fitted with a brush head to avoid peeling or scratching your seats. Run the vacuum gently all over the cushion and seams. You should give more attention to the joints at the carpet and the space between your seats and the backrest. When you are sure that all crumbs and pebbles are out of the way, then you are now ready to apply the liquids.

  • 5. Wipe All the Visible Dirt on the Upholstery

You may be tempted to apply the liquid all over the surface after vacuuming but it may not give you enough time to handle all ugly grimy spots and old stains. Some of them may be too resistant to be removed by the gentle action of the cleaner which is why they need this special attention. Use your first microfiber cloth or sponge to apply a soaking portion of the cleaner on the spots then gently brush it off with your soft brush until the original look of your leather seat is restored. You should target hidden joints of the seat because they are the most vulnerable to grime accumulation and greasy spots that you may miss when cleaning regularly.

  • 6. Apply Your Cleaning Solution and Brush Gently

Once your stubborn stains are dealt with, it is now time to apply your cleaning solution all over the seat. The directions on your product will tell you the amount of cleaner to use but if you don’t know, just apply a little solution at each spot to prevent overreaction with your leather. Your sprayer bottles will help you apply the solution uniformly at each point of your seat for perfect results. You can use your second microfiber cloth to apply the cleaner if your seat has holes or scratches that may allow the cleaner to leak onto the foam.

Once the surface is uniformly covered in your cleaner, it is time to brush. Your soft brush helps activate the cleaner and weaken the dirt making it easier to wipe off. It is important to start brushing within a minute of applying the cleaner before it dries onto the seat which makes it harder to activate causing more stains. This is why you should apply on the backrest first and brush then move on to the seat. You should also take caution not to scratch or chip your leather while brushing.

After a thorough cleaning on the surface, you have to wipe off all the dirt and excess cleaner from the seats. You should use your wet and clean microfiber cloth to wipe off all the dirt on the surface. After thoroughly wiping away the cleaner from your seats, you need to check if there are any stubborn stains for which you will need to give another portion of cleaner plus another brushing. If your cleaner is powerful enough, all the dirt on your seat should be absorbed up in the cleaner and wash away when you wipe with your wet cloth or sponge.

Move from seat to seat repeating these steps until all your seats are free from any stains and dirt.  It is also important to recline the seats when brushing to catch all the stubborn grime at the seams and joints. Starting with the headrest allows you to catch all the dirt and wash away any cleaner that may spill onto the seat.

  • 7. Condition the Seats

You are generally done with cleaning your seats and now it is time to ensure that your leather seats remain beefed and shiny. Applying the conditioner needs a very tender touch to prevent leaving a greasy finish on your seats. Use a sponge or another dry microfiber cloth for conditioning. For the conditioner, you only need enough to give a shine without stains on the leather. This is done by massaging the seats gently until all the conditioner on the cloth is absorbed into the leather.

If you haven’t used the conditioner before, you should also test it on an inconspicuous spot on the seat to determine if it is viable. If It leaves a greasy feeling, causes the leather to fade or it seems to tenderize your leather, just drop it for another conditioner. It is safer for the leather to remain without a conditioner than using the wrong one especially wax and oil-based conditioners.

  • 8. Dry the Seats

You are basically done cleaning your leather car seats but proper drying is important for the car. You need to pack your car under shade to dry because direct sunlight causes the leather to weaken and fade quickly. 12 hours of shaded drying is enough to restore the original feel of your leather and allow all the moisture to leave the seats and the foam. Once dry, you can now spray your air freshener for a comfortable feel in your car`s interior.

  • 9. Keep up the Routine

As we mentioned earlier, this process should be done at least 4 times a year to keep your car seats in good shape. If you keep up this routine regularly, your leather seats will be able to last the entire lifetime of your car giving you value for the cost of the car.

Final Note

The interior look of your car is important for both your comfort and its resale value and a leather interior is the best option, even so, if you can keep it new and shiny. Leather is the dream material for many car owners and being expensive, it is very important to ensure that it lasts. Buying a high-quality leather cleaner and a conditioner are the first steps but you really need to take your time to clean and tone the upholstery. These steps will help you keep the original look of your car seats and seat covers for as long as your car lasts which is why they are worth the sacrifice.

Motorcycles bring a lot of enthusiasm to the riders because they make life easy and fun allowing you to access any type of road and get past traffic with ease. However, as days go by, many people tend to forget their maintenance guidelines neglecting the bike which drastically shortens its life. Maintaining a motorcycle is not as complicated as you may think, your buyer`s manual has all the details you need to make your motorcycle last longer. They are simple tasks that take just a few minutes but they allow your motorcycle to give you lifetime service. Whichever bike you have, your maintenance process will just revolve around these 12 simple tips.

1. Read and Stick to Your Manual Guidelines

That simple manual is actually a gold mine with every detail on how to get the most from each component of your motorcycle. Any other information you get online or from shop owners will be general and sometimes incompatible with your motorcycle. The manual will give you the details on how to break in your ride at each stage of mileage as well as the type of oil and fuel best suited for your engine. Maintenance practices for the engine and moving parts are also included allowing you to perform most of the simple tasks in this guide on your own.

It is largely agreeable to say that your owner`s manual is the benchmark of everything that happens to your motorcycle throughout its lifetime. Most people assume their manual especially if they have owned a motorbike before but every motorcycle is designed uniquely which is why the engineers that compiled your maintenance and use guidelines in the manual are the best resource for extending the life of your ride. You should refer to it if you need to replace or include anything for perfect compatibility.

2. Always Keep the Air Filter Clean

The performance of your engine depends on the amount of clean air your filter allows to combine with the engine which is why you should never neglect it. This small component gets clogged with dirt and grease if left for long. It is a very delicate component because, in the winter, it clogs up with the snow delivering very thin air to the engine. In the summer, dust and pebbles also clog in and in some cases, find their way into your engine interfering with the gears and other moving parts.

This is why you should check, clean and oil it properly after riding on a dirt road. Your user manual has details on how frequently you should replace the air filter which you should adhere to unless you notice a defect that causes it to malfunction. Cleaning the air filter allows it to serve you effectively for longer keeping your engine at peak performance.

3. Keep Your Tires in Good Shape

Tires determine the grip of your motorcycle on the road and its ability to bear your weight which is why they need attention. Keeping your tires at optimum pressure and with robust threads reduces the lag on the engine allowing it to run smoothly. Pressure should be checked before every ride while the tires are cool and after the ride. You should also change pressure depending on the weather as directed by your manual to reduce the lag on your engine. If you notice a lag on the tires, it may be because of holes, sometimes too tiny to be seen.

Tire maintenance also means keeping the hub clean and oiled as well as tightening the spokes after a week or so of constant riding because they shake and weaken affecting the performance of your tires. Most regular use motorcycles need a thread of at least 0.07 inches below which you should replace. While this may be hard to determine, you can always look out for the loss of grip and quick loss of pressure which signals that your tire should be replaced. It is also wise to replace tires in sets for the best service and comfortable rides.

4. Grease Your Bearings Regularly

Lubrication is important for keeping all the moving parts of your motorbike running smoothly and the bearings bear most of this weight. Regular greasing is good but not all you need, by the 15,000th mile, you need to be on the lookout for worn out bearings to be replaced. Most motorcycles nowadays come with closed bearing boxes that are maintenance-free but your tire and steering stem bearings are very much visible and in need of regular greasing and replacement.

When bearings start wearing, you will feel a tightness when turning your handlebars or regular knocking noise in your wheels when riding. When you hear the bearings moving around in the hub and front axle when your motorcycle is raised on a stand, then it is a sign that some or all of the bearings are worn out and in need a replacement.

5. Take Good Care of Your Chain

The chain gets overheated and wears out very fast if it is not properly lubricated and adjusted. As you ride your motorcycle, the chain tightens and loosens at different times and it may cause it to tighten excessively and sometimes break while in motion which can be very dangerous. Before greasing your chain, you need to clean it using paraffin. You can apply it using a soft cloth to remove all the dust and old lubricant to keep it clean.

Water may cause your chain links to rust and wear out faster shortening your motorcycle`s life. It is advisable to clean your chain after every ride in a dusty area or a week of constant riding. You also need to ensure that there is some play on your chain. If you notice worn links or regular screeching even after greasing, then it is safe to replace the chain.

6. Keep Your Battery in Good Shape

Most people don`t give a look at the battery until they have difficulty starting their motorcycle which may be bad for your motorcycle. The most important thing to look for is rust or dust on the terminals which accumulate over time interfering with the connection. You should clean the terminals and test them for voltage to ensure they are working properly. It is also important to refill the battery with distilled water. If there are any leaks on the battery, then it is time to replace it because riding with a leaking battery is bad for the rest of your ride including the engine.

To keep the battery alive, you should always ensure it is charged especially when putting the motorcycle in storage for a long time.

7. Change the Engine Oil Regularly

All the gears and the moving parts in your engine rely on the engine oil to prevent them from rubbing against each other. The engine wears out the oil faster depending on the distance you ride and the weather which is why you should change it more regularly in the summer. As the oil wears out, its ability to lubricate the parts fade leaving your gears naked and exposed. This is why you need to check your engine oil filter before and after every ride and change it as regularly as possible.

It is safe to replace the engine oil every 5000 miles when doing regular road rides and 3000 miles when riding frequently in the summer. Renewing the oil regularly allows the engine to run smoothly and quietly giving it a longer life and a comfortable ride for you.

8. Perform Regular Engine Service and Maintenance

Maintaining the engine does not mean taking it apart, it is actually easier than you think. Keeping your engine in good shape starts with cleaning your carburetor after every 1000 miles. You should also allow the engine to rest and cool after long distances of riding to prevent chocking out the gears. You also need to keep an eye on the choke for any signs of damage and replace it immediately if it is. Spark plugs may also need regular adjustment after a few 500 to 1000 miles depending on the directions in your owner`s manual.

9. Service Your Motorcycle Regularly

Being a DIYer is good because it saves you money and allows you to give your motorcycle the best service according to your knowledge. It is, however, dangerous to assume that you can handle every little problem on the motorcycle which is why you need to take it for checking by an expert. Offroad riders should do this as frequently as every week. However, if you use your motorcycle for regular commuting on the tarmac, monthly servicing should be enough. You should also avoid riding your bike if you notice any mechanical problem to prevent further damage.

10. Clean It Regularly

Cleaning your motorcycle regularly keeps it looking new and also gives it a longer life than you could imagine. Accumulated mud and dust make it harder for many parts of your bike to work properly. Dirt also attracts moisture causing rusting on metallic parts which reduces a bike`s life if it is not washed regularly. It is important to cover sensitive electrical components with waterproof material to avoid ruining your motorcycle`s electric system. You should use a soft cloth to remove dirt from the tight sections of the bike to ensure that all residual dirt is removed. While washing, it is also necessary to check the bolts and loose nuts on the whole bike.

11. Check the Forks and Fork Oil

Most steering failures on a motorcycle start with the forks. Reduced spring suspension and leaking fork oil can mess up your whole steering system. After every trip, it is wise to look at the fork to ensure that no oil is leaking down into your front axle. A close examination of the springs for rust is also necessary. You should seal any leaks using rubber or soft glue to prevent interfering with the fork`s suspension. It is also important to adjust your forks to a height most comfortable for you to prevent any strain while riding.

12. Do Regular Brake Maintenance

The brakes are a key safety too on the motorcycle which is why they should never be neglected. It is important to adjust brake pads to the right distance that doesn`t make them too tight or too loose, your user manual will have details on this. You can also adjust and test the pads to a gap most comfortable for you. If you hear a screeching noise while applying the brakes, it may be time to get new brake fluid. The standard for brake fluids is generally uniform as long as it is DOT approved. If the brake pads are worn out, it is advisable to replace the whole set for the best performance.


Motorcycles are very versatile because they can ride into any weather and on any type of road. Whether you use your motorcycle for sport or commuting, you have every reason to maintain it properly. Giving your motorcycle the proper attention it needs allows it to give you the long service worth your investment. You also retain a higher resale value if your motorcycle stays in good shape even after years of use. Most of these maintenance practices can be done at home at no additional cost but their benefits are tremendous for both your and your motorcycle. These tips are meant to keep your ride in good condition allowing you to ride safely and comfortably.

Danger lurks in the night which is why every driver needs to be extra cautious to keep themselves and other road users safe. While lighting is a problem at night, many other factors also tend to affect the concentration of drivers at night making roads a lot more dangerous. In most countries around the world, only a quarter of cars are driven at night but the night time also accounts for 3 quarters of all the accidents. This happens because drivers are fatigued and, in a hurry while driving at night endangering the lives of all road users. Driving at night can however be safer and even more fun if you adhere to these 10 tips.

  • 1. Avoid Distractions

Driving during the day exposes you to more roadside distractions both inside and outside your car because of lots of activity around you. Driving at night, however, has its own share of distractions ranging from your phone, eating your take away in the car to being tempted to take one look too long at events happening on the roadside. Taking your eyes off the road for a moment could however mean the difference between life and death for everyone on that road. To the surprise of many, distracted driving is the most common cause of road accidents in the United States and many developed countries as well.

It is important to maintain focus on the road and most importantly, at night. Remember to strap your baby properly on their car seat and ensure that cheeky passengers stay in the back. This will prevent the distraction of Having to look behind countlessly checking on the baby or your passenger for that matter. On top of that, always keep your hands on the wheel and try to maintain a clear mind as much as possible. This becomes important when it comes to evading a sudden upcoming collision. Believe it or not, your mind might drift off to a point where you forget you were on the road.

  • 2. Choose the Right Glasses

For many drivers with visual impairment, it is a big challenge to drive at night. Some opt not to drive at night at all but this doesn`t mean you are a bad driver because you need glasses, you just need to choose the right ones. It is actually a legal requirement for visually impaired drivers to wear glasses or contacts while driving, but the challenge here is ensuring you have glasses that give you a clear sight of the 180 degrees of your forward view. Wrong glasses can become a death sentence for a nighttime driver more so if you have to adjust them every now and then to maintain a clear vision. This way, they become both a distraction and a blinding agent even worse than the glare from oncoming traffic.

Wear glasses that have anti-glare protection is the best thing to do when out driving at night. Never opt for tinted glasses when driving at night because while they reduce the glare, they also affect your cornea`s image perception due to the low light intensity leaving you partially blind. If you are not confident about your visual ability at night, it is safer to simply opt for another driver or get a cab.

  • 3. Dim All Dashboard and Instrument Panel Lights

The Interior lights are important because you need to see your dash and map clearly but when it comes to driving at night, the darker your interior, the better your forward view. Driving at night with bright lights on your dashboard means you are dealing with a glare both inside and outside the car putting you in clear danger. This is the reason why all interior lighting is designed to direct light away from the driver`s seat and the less of it you have, the safer you are. Most modern smart instrument lights are properly focused keeping the rays away from the driver`s seat but most old and cheap maps and other interior accessory lighting simply scatter the light around.

For maximum safety when driving, you should dim or turn off any interior lights that you don’t need especially the map if you know your way around. It is also important to keep any objects that may reflect light into your eyes such as face mirrors and other shiny surfaces because they may be struck by light even from the outside and reflect it right into your eyes blinding you.

  • 4. Keep Your Windshield, Windows and Mirrors Clean

Every inch of your windshield and windows matters a lot especially at night because of the glare from oncoming traffic and streetlamps. Dusty or misty windshields reduce the clarity of your forward view at night increasing your risk of going out of lane or misinterpreting your surroundings. During the day, natural light which is soft on your eyes makes many people assume the little dust or mist on the windows. However, at night, you need a very clear forward view and roadside view because even the most powerful headlights may not match natural light. This helps you maintain a clear view of your lane and perception of your roadside, especially wildlife which may come budging into traffic without warning. A clear windscreen means you get a better view for the few extra seconds you may need to make a safe move in case of an emergency. To maintain a clean and dry windshield means you have to keep a piece of dry cloth with you for wiping.

  • 5. Get Extra Lighting But Keep Them in Check

Roads have blind spots that become more dangerous when driving at night. It is even more dangerous when you are offroading or driving in bad weather. While the package lights from the manufacturer may be enough for standard driving conditions, night driving is never standard which is why extra lighting will always come in handy. You can install rock lights, fog lights and powerful HID headlamps that imitate natural light to reduce scattered light and glare keeping both you and your fellow road users safe. A high beam allows you to see further and better but it is dangerous when there is a lot of oncoming traffic. While driving in areas without street lamps, you may use your high beam but many people tend to forget to dim them after exiting these areas. The extra lights you install should also be deployed only when it is necessary. Having full lights all around your car acts as a distraction to fellow road users.

While you may do right by your lights, fellow road users may not adhere to these standards which is why you have to look out for glare from oncoming traffic as well. The effect becomes worse when you are driving a small car against the oncoming traffic of large trucks which tend to have a very strong glare. When faced by oncoming traffic with blinding headlights, you need to look away from direct light and blink your high beams to signal the driver to dim their lights.

  • 6. Ensure Your Headlamps Are Focused Correctly

This is a major problem even in new cars. If your headlights are pointing lower or wider than they should be, it means you are either seeing less of the road, hurting oncoming traffic drivers with your misaligned beams or a combination of both. Uneven horizontal adjustment puts other drivers in the direct focus of your glare impairing their judgment. This is why you need to ensure that both your low and high beams are focused at the right angle to concentrate on your forward view and also fixed at the correct height. Adjusting uneven headlights is a simple process you can complete in 30 minutes or less. You can also contact an expert to help you with it. Your buyer`s manual will help you check your adjusters and the measurements you need on a flat wall to make correct adjustments on your headlights. Most new GM models have easy access to your adjusters making it easy to adjust unaided. Older models may require a manual adjustment tool.

  • 7. Keep A Safe Distance from the Front Car

Most drivers sharing the road with you at night are tired, stressed and in a hurry to get home which means their judgment may not be as sound as it would be during the day. Drivers are also more likely to apply emergency brakes at night because obstacles on the road and unpredicted threats increase in the dark. This means the closer you drive to someone, the more likely you are to bump into them or be forced to make dangerous swerves. Driving too close to someone also makes them nervous because they get this feeling that they are causing a snarl-up which may cause them to speed or make decisions quickly. This is why it is advisable to keep a safe distance to avoid distracting them.

Tailgating becomes even more dangerous at night because your headlights are glaring directly into the front driver`s mirrors affecting their ability to see their surroundings. Keeping a safe distance is also good for you because you have more room to make rapid maneuvers in case the driver applies emergency brakes or you notice potholes on the road.

  • 8. Stay Alert

This is actually the most general advice you will give yourself when driving at night but things change drastically once you are behind the wheel. If you are fatigued after working or driving for long, you may be tempted to sleep once you are in the comfort of the driver`s seat and this sometimes creeps up on you without your knowledge. It is also very dangerous to get behind the wheel when drunk or on heavy medication because this impairs your judgment. The most general advice for this situation would be to pull over once you realize that you can’t stay alert while driving.

If pulling over is not an option, get a co-driver or company that keeps you awake as you drive. The other danger with night driving is unseen animals and other road obstacles. When driving at night, you are also very likely to run into wild animals and stray pets and it is very important that you keep your calm to be able to make safe maneuvers. It is also important to stay calm especially after emergency braking, this helps you stay fit for the rest of your journey.

  • 9. Check Your Speed

Many people pulled over for speeding at night are rarely aware that their speed is over the limit. This is because most of them are in a hurry and they tend to simply focus on the road and the wheel without checking their speed. This is because most nighttime drivers are in a hurry to get somewhere and when this happens to be the case with many drivers on the road, the chances of causing accidents to increase tremendously. Your ability to safely avoid obstacles is hampered while you are running high speeds increasing chances of every encounter becoming fatal. This is why you need to keep a safe speed and avoid overtaking despite the temptation to speed. Changing lanes at night is also very dangerous as the judgment of your fellow drivers may not be the accurate either increasing the possibility of driving into each other.

  • 10. Training and Eye Testing

Your driving school lessons are good but not necessarily all you need to drive at night. Most people driving on their own at night for the first time tend to be as shaky behind the wheel as any first-time driver. Whether you are driving on a busy road or a clear country road, you really need enough experience to drive confidently at night. This is why you are advised to train with an experienced driver on different road conditions. This helps you get the experience and confidence required to handle any threats that come up making you a safe driver at night. Experts recommend at least one year of driving experience before you can become a safe frequent nighttime driver.

Taking eye tests is also important if you want to be certain about your ability to drive at night. Most people assume that being able to see clearly while driving during the day means they can at night but things are very different when there is little light. Getting your eyes tested for both distance and reaction to bright flashing lights is the best way to be fully prepared for driving at night.

Final Note

Road safety is a wide subject affected by many factors ranging from weather to the state of the road but the final determinant of safety is the driver. It is true to say that a driver may not be in charge of some of the factors that affect road safety, especially when driving at night. However, drivers can at least make themselves and their car safe for driving. Night driving safety depends on many small actions that make the difference between life and death every time you step out to drive. These are simple practices that every driver is able to adhere to which is why they are recommended for both experienced and new drivers.